Melbourne1800 010 110

Geelong03 5223 1855

Weed Disease Identification

Weed Disease Identification

Turf Varieties
Lawns were meant to be easy

Crowsfoot Grass

  •  Summer annual
  •  Tough, dark green monocot with flattened stems and  strap-like leaves
  •  Smooth leaf blades with folded vernation and white  sheaths
  •  Short membranous ligule divided at centre
  •  Tolerates low mowing heights
  •  Inflorescence is two to ten spikelets on long stem
  •  Seeds profusely from late spring through to autumn

Treatment:  Dimension EW (pre), Embargo (pre), Barricade  (pre), Ronstar G (pre), Pendant (pre), Crowbar (post),  Passtox Clear (post)

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Lawns were meant to be easy

Capeweed

  • Autumn/winter annual
  • Rosette forming dicot with deeply lobed leaves with   a white downy underside
  • Inflorescence is many small flowers on a black, pitted  receptacle with radiating yellow florets
  • Fruits in late winter and spring producing woolly   seeds that stick to clothing
  • Deep taproot can make control difficult
  • Propagated through seed

Treatment:  Monument (post), Millennium (post),  Spearhead (post), Jolt (post), Double Time (post), Triple  Time (post), Bromoxynil/MCPA (post), Destiny (post)

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Lawns were meant to be easy

Cudweed

  • Annual or biennial
  • Rosette forming dicot, leaves with dull green upper  surface and white hairy underside
  • Growth begins as basal rosette forming stems and  upward growth as the plant matures
  • Inflorescence purple to pink, fruiting spring through  summer
  • Occurs primarily in sandy soils
  • Propagated through seed

Treatment:  Monument (post), Millennium (post),  Spearhead (post), Jolt (post), Double Time (post), Triple  TIme (post), Bromoxynil/MCPA (post), Destiny (post)

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Lawns were meant to be easy

Pearlwort

  • Perennial
  • Low growing, prostrate dicot with smooth slender   stems rooting at the nodes
  • Oppositely arranged, thin grass-like leaves
  • Heavily branched stems form a mat-like growth habit
  • Inflorescence small and inconspicuous with four   white petals
  • Fruits from spring through to autumn
  • Propagated through seed and rooting nodes

Treatment:  Monument (post), Millennium (post),  Spearhead (post), Jolt (post), Double Time (post), Triple  Time (post), Bromoxynil/MCPA (post), Destiny (post)

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Lawns were meant to be easy

Crabgrass

  •  Summer annual
  • Spreading, mat-forming monocot with yellow-green  leaves
  •  Membranous ligule, folded vernation purpling at sheaths  and stem bases
  • Inflorescence of multiple small, finger-like spikes radiating  from a central point
  • Prolific seed producer, fruiting throughout the warmer  months
  • Propagated through seed and stolons

Treatment:  Drive (post), Dimension EW (pre), Embargo  (pre), Barricade (pre), Daconate (post), Passtox Clear (post)

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Lawns were meant to be easy

Ryegrass

  • Cool season perennial
  • Erect, tufted monocot with glossy dark green leaves,   often purplish at the base
  • Membranous ligule, folded vernation, characteristic,   claw-like auricles
  • Inflorescence a long, narrow spike fruiting in spring
  • Persistent weed in turf, tolerating low cutting height
  • Propagated through seed

Treatment:  Monument (post), Destiny (post), Tribute  (post), Coliseum (post)

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Lawns were meant to be easy

Nutgrass

  • Perennial
  • Rapidly spreading grass-like sedge
  • Leaves flat and slightly corrugated and stems triangular   in cross-section
  • Single tubers and strings of tubers on rhizomes
  • Yellowish brown seeds arranged in narrow spikelets   on an umbel like inflorescence
  • Fruits in summer through autumn
  • Propagated through seed and tubers

Treatment:  Sedgehammer (post), Monument OD (post)

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Lawns were meant to be easy

Paspalum

  • Perennial
  • Robust, clumping rhizomatous monocot
  • Hairy, purple leaf sheaths with rolled vernation and  membranous ligule
  • Long stems bear nodding seed heads with round   white seeds
  • Seeds are sticky and are spread via transport
  • Spread through seeding and rhizomes

Treatment:  DSMA (post), MSMA (post)

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Lawns were meant to be easy

Dandelion

  • Perennial
  • Stemless, rosette forming dicot with inverted,   lobed leaves
  • Bright yellow flowers produced on long hollow   stalks appear in spring and summer
  • Seeds form a ‘puff ball’ like globe and are carried by wind
  • Tolerates low to medium height of cut
  • Reproduces sexually from seed and asexually from tap  root fragments

Treatment:  Triple Time (post), Double Time (post)

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Lawns were meant to be easy

Spurge

  • Summer annual
  • Prostrate, mat forming dicot
  • Leaves opposite with a reddish spot in the centre and  jagged margins
  • Inflorescence is yellow-green, cup like and 1mm wide
  • Fruits throughout summer
  • Propagated through seed

Treatment:  No current registration

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Lawns were meant to be easy

Winter Grass

  • Winter annual with perennial and biennial biotypes
  • Tufted light green monocot with white panicle  inflorescence
  • Folded vernation, long ligule and boat shaped leaf tips
  • Adapted to full sun and shaded areas
  • Tolerates low mowing heights and can persist in golf  greens all year round
  • Plants reach maturity quickly and seed profusely
  • Germinates from late summer through to spring

Treatment:  Dimension EW (pre), Embargo (pre), Barricade  (pre), Ronstar G (pre), Pendant (pre), Monument (post),   Coliseum (post), Pronamide (post/pre

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Lawns were meant to be easy

Couch

  • Warm season perennial
  • Fine textured, rhizomatous monocot with smooth leaves,  grey-green to blue-green in colour
  • Membranous ligule fringed with hairs, vernation folded
  • Tolerates low height of cut, often occurring as a weed   in cool season golf greens
  • Inflorescence consisting of three to nine spikes radiating  from a central point
  • Seeds from summer through early autumn
  • Propagated by seed or from stolons and rhizomes

Treatment:   Tupersan (pre/post)

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Lawns were meant to be easy

Kikuyu

  • Warm season perennial
  • Tough, mat forming monocot with vigorously growing  stolons and rhizomes
  • Aggressive nature of growth means it will easily crowd  out desirable species
  • Foliage hairy and light green in colour, vernation folded  with hairy ligule and sheath
  • Two to four spikelets fruiting from spring through to  autumn
  • Propagated primarily vegetatively, though also by seed

Treatment:  Drive (post), Monument OD (post), Tupersan  (post/pre)

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Lawns were meant to be easy

Mullumbimby Couch

  • Perennial
  • Mat-forming, grass like sedge to 15cm high with dark  green, glossy leaves
  • Long, tough rhizomes, red to purple in colour, stems  triangular in cross-section
  • Inflorescence a single round compact spike with three  short leaves protruding from below
  • Fruits throughout the warm months
  • Found mainly in areas of excessive moisture
  • Propagated through seed and rhizomes

Treatment:  Sedgehammer (post), Monument OD (post)

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Lawns were meant to be easy

Canadian Fleabane

  • Summer or winter annual
  • Tall growing dicot with hairy, tough stems
  • Leaves alternately arranged, dark green, with toothed  margins and fine hairs
  • Inflorescence as numerous small flowers forming fluffy  clusters on tall stems
  • Fruits from spring through to autumn
  • Propagated through wind dispersed seed

Treatment:  Monument (post), Millennium (post),  Spearhead (post), Jolt (post), Double Time (post), Triple  Time (post), Bromoxynil/MCPA (post), Destiny (post)

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Lawns were meant to be easy

White Clover

  • Perennial
  • Creeping, low-growing leguminous dicot with green,  trifoliate compound leaves
  • Leaf margins jagged with a central white ring   encircling the base of each leaflet
  • Common weed of turf, often found in nitrogen   deficient soil
  • White, crate paper like flowers fruiting in spring and  autumn
  • Propagated by seed and possibly stolons

Treatment:  Triple Time (post), Millennium (post),  Spearhead (post), Jolt (post), Double Time (post),  Monument OD (post), Destiny (post)

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Lawns were meant to be easy

Cats Ear

  • Perennial
  • Stemless, rosette forming dicot, leave margins with  shallow lobes
  • Deep taproot allows for drought resistance and can   make control difficult
  • Bright yellow flower, similar to that of Dandelion
  • Multiple flowers on each stem fruiting mainly in late  spring and early summer
  • Tolerates low to medium height of cut
  • Propagated through seed

Treatment:  Monument (post), Millennium (post),  Spearhead (post), Jolt (post), Double Time (post), Triple  Time (post), Bromoxynil/MCPA (post), Destiny (post)

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Lawns were meant to be easy

Plantain

  • Perennial
  • Rosette forming monocot with long, narrow leaves
  • Leaves possess distinctive parallel veins and are often  twisted or curled
  • Inflorescence is a dense spike produced on an erect,  leafless stalk
  • Flowers from mid spring through summer and is a   prolific seed producer
  • Found commonly in turf areas and moist disturbed soils
  • Propagated through seed

Treatment:  Monument (post), Millennium (post),  Spearhead (post), Jolt (post), Double Time (post), Triple  Time (post), Bromoxynil/MCPA (post), Destiny (post)

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Lawns were meant to be easy

Bindii

  • Winter annual
  • Low growing, rosette forming dicot rooting at nodes and  forming additional rosettes
  • Leaves opposite, twice divided into narrow segments
  • Inflorescence small and inconspicuous forming in the  centre of rosettes
  • As the plant dies seeds lignify, hardening into sharp burrs  that lodge in shoes or feet
  • Principally a weed of turf
  • Propagated through seed

Treatment:  Monument (post), Millennium (post),  Spearhead (post), Jolt (post), Double Time (post), Triple  TIme (post), Bromoxynil/MCPA (post), Destiny (post)

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Lawns were meant to be easy

Creeping Oxalis

  • Perennial
  • A creeping, rhizomatous dicot, often mat forming with   a prostrate growth habit
  • Light green, heart shaped trifoliate leaves
  • Possesses small woody taproots that can make control   of the weed difficult due to energy reserves
  • Small, bright yellow flowers with five petals fruiting   in spring and summer
  • When seeds mature pods explode spreading seeds   3 meters or more
  • Propagated through seed

Treatment:  Ronstar G (pre), Spearhead (post), Jolt (post),  Double Time (post), Triple Time (post), Monument OD (post)

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